History

China, with a recorded history of 5,000 years, was one of the world’s earliest civilizations. China was one of the countries where economic activity first developed. As early as 5,000 to 6,000 years ago, people in the Yellow River valley had already started farming and raising livestock. In the 21st century B.C., China established a slave society with the founding of the Xia Dynasty.

In 221 B.C., Qin Shihuang established China’s first centralized autocracy, the Qin Dynasty, thereby ushering Chinese history into feudalism, which endured in a succession of dynasties until the Opium War of 1840.

The Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1911 led by Sun Yat-sen toppled the rule of the Qing Dynasty, putting an end to more than 2,000 years of feudal monarchical system.

The People’s Republic of China was founded on October 1, 1949. Today, China is implementing reform and open policies, and has established a socialist market economy.

Brief Chinese Chronology

  • Xia Dynasty

    21st century BC – 16th century BC

  • Eastern Zhou

    770 BC – 476 BC

  • Han Dynasty: Western Han Dynasty

    206 BC – 23 AD

  • Shu Han

    221 – 280

  • Eastern Jin

    265 – 316

  • Sui Dynasty

    581 – 618

  • Sung Dynasty: Northern Sung

    960 -1127

  • Western Xia Dynasty

    1032 – 1227

  • Ming Dynasty

    1368 – 1644

  • The People’s Republic of China

    1949 – The Present

  • Shang Dynasty

    16th century BC – 1066 BC

  • Spring and Autumn

    770 BC – 221 BC

  • Eastern Han Dynasty

    25 – 220

  • Wu

    222 – 280

  • Southern Dynasty

    420 – 589

  • Tang Dynasty

    618 – 907

  • Southern Sung

    1127 – 1279

  • Jin Dynasty

    1115 – 1234

  • Qing Dynasty

    1644 – 1911

  • Zhou Dynasty: Western Zhou

    1066 BC – 771 BC

  • Qin Dynasty

    221 BC – 206 BC

  • The Three Kingdoms: Wei

    220 – 265

  • Western Jin

    265 – 316

  • Northern Dynasty

    386 – 581

  • The Five Dynasties

    907 – 960

  • Liao Dynasty

    907 – 1125

  • Yuan Dynasty

    1271 – 1368

  • Republic of China (Guo Ming Dang)

    1912 – 1949

Source: CNTO

adminHistory